Nonverbal dating behaviors
These gender stereotypes encourage men to be more aggressive and competitive, and male children are more encouraged to play with toys like guns and swords. There are several differences in the way that men and women communicate nonverbally. Men also desire more personal space, usually only touch each other when engaged in playful aggression, and have the tendency to move around more when they are uncomfortable.Women, on the other hand, tend to align their bodies to face the other person, use more hand gestures, and typically sit still.The influence of sex and gender differences begins early in life and effect the communication style of the individual into adulthood.Studies show that differences in language can be observed as early as preschool.Further, women have shown to be more fluid in their gestures while men have been observed to have sharp, direct movements (Merchant 2012).There are differences in posture, as well; while women are more likely to keep their arms near their bodies and cross their legs, men often have wider postures and stand with their arms further away from their bodies and their legs apart. For nonverbal behaviors, there were three conversations per set, in which the woman used a high, medium, or low level of the cue.
We wish to thank Diane Collinge, Belynda Bowling, Cindy Miller, Albert Felts, Wendy Bourg, Melaney Linton, Cindi Arms, Karla Hancock, James Alford, Lou Ann Emberson, Karen Graham, Raymond Spencer, Michael Gardner, Marian Paul, Susan Hudson, and Sheryl Stealey for their contributions to this study.Through childhood, girls tend to make more requests, use more words, and use language to create harmony while boys are more inclined to make demands, use more actions than words, and create conflict. Tannen continues to say that the majority of our communication skills are learned from childhood and that boys and girl are often taught vastly different lessons.Women are said to use psychical contact more often and young girls are more comfortable with physical contact than young boys (“Gender and Non-Verbal Communication”). For example, men are often more aware of personal space and tend to be withdrawn rather than bodily engaged, whereas women use bodily contact more frequently and are much warmer in their communication (Schmidt).Nature refers to the biological evolution, neural structures, genes, and hormones while nurture relates to culture, societal roles, stereotypes, and settings.Recent advances in biological psychology, molecular genetics, and neuroscience have found that scientific evidence supports the theory of nature versus nurture as it refers to gender (Reiman 2013).